Dextrose is the commercial name for D-glucose, a simple sugar with the formula C6H12O6. It is a monosaccharide in the form of colorless crystals, readily soluble in water. Dextrose is a major source of sweetness in confections and beverages. There are two forms of Dextrose:
1. Dextrose Anhydrous: Anhydrous D-glucose contains about 99.5% D-glucose without water of crystallization. It appears as a white powder or granules. It has a high degree of sweetness and is widely used in the food industry to increase the sweetness of syrups, and added to baked goods, confections and canned foods to improve flavor.
2. Dextrose Monohydrate: Monohydrated crystalline D-glucose contains 90% D-glucose and 10% water of crystallization. It appears as a crystalline white powder with good flowability and solubility. It is mainly used in meat processing to maintain appearance and improve texture; also used in brewing, baking and beverages to provide sweetness.
Dextrose, derived from starch materials like corn starch, comes in two main types: Dextrose Anhydrous and Dextrose Monohydrate. Despite their slight variations in moisture content and appearance, both forms serve as functional sugar sweeteners with wide applications in the food industry. Dextrose is an essential ingredient for sugar-based foods and a significant food additive and sweetener used in the food and beverage industry.
|Dextrose Monohydrate||Dextrose Anhydrous|
|Appearance||White Crystalline Granules||White Crystalline Powder|
|Solubility||Freely soluble in water, slightly soluble in alcohol||Freely soluble in water, sparingly soluble in alcohol|
|Assay||99.5% min||Not provided|
|Optical Rotation||+52.6° to +53.2°||+52.5° to +53.3°|
|Loss on Drying||10.0% max||Not provided|
|Sulfur Dioxide||0.002% max||0.0015% max|
|Chlorides||0.018% max||0.0125% max|
|Residue on Ignition||0.1% max||Not provided|
|Starch||Passes test||Not provided|
|Lead||0.1mg/kg max||Not provided|
|Arsenic||1mg/kg max||1mg/kg max|
|Total Bacteria Count||1000pcs/g max||1000pcs/g max|
|Molds and Yeasts||100pcs/g max||100pcs/g max|